Akogrimo DHCM regards dangerous and time-critical incidents where crises or disasters are to be handled together by various rescue organisations, medical personnel, security teams, and other mission-critical mobile personnel. Such incidents could occur in:
Often, the commanders and personnel operate outside their facilities with built-in equipment. Technological and scientific tools/devices can be beneficial (e.g. mobile phones, PDAs, cameras, notebooks, wireless hotspots).
- large sporting events and concerts (incl. before and after events actually take place)
- airports, railway stations, ports
- all disaster areas
The situations have some specific requirements that have to be considered:
- ‘Enhancing of senses’ for mobile devices: Mobile devices are rather weak in performing computing intensive actions. High performance computing capabilities that are assigned mostly to base stations enhance mainly:
- picture , video, and stereo sound analysis
- ad hoc access to other co-operating mobile devices
- Intelligent Decision Support: Mobile units collect and process information locally. However, they are also capable of providing information to a central base which performs simulations of the situation, extracts useful information and statistics, and finally proposes actions to support decisions for the pro-active handling of the emergency situation. The movement of the crisis team over the terrain, positioning of key-personnel at specific points, as well as classification of the risks are some of the decisions that will be supported by the system.
- Mobile ad hoc network: For cases where a central station and/or fixed-wired infrastructure has been damaged or is temporarily unavailable, portable devices must be capable of co-operating independently and to provide a minimum of services. Also, when small teams have to operate independently for some time, and the local data can be cached, overloading the communication links and the computational capacity of the central station can thus be avoided (typical infrastructures in any given case may comprise ETSI Tetra or combinations of WiMAX (802.16a/e ) and WiFi systems).
- Access to databases worldwide: Sometimes it’s useful for mobile staff to have semantic mediated access to information distributed all over the world. This ability is especially needed in cases where the access to information is time-critical – human mediators may influence the result of the actions.